opensips安装使用整理

部分内容来自 https://github.com/Ci-Jie/OpenSIPS ,其他的很多教程都是坑!!!

安装opensips

  • CentOS release 6.9 (Final) (内核 4.10.4)
  • MySQL 5.6
  • Opensips 2.1

安装依赖库等

sudo yum -y install mysql mysql-server mysql-devel git make bison libdbi-dbd-mysql (具体还有什么忘记了,不能重现当时安装的了,后面缺什么再装吧)

检出代码

cd ~/ && git clone https://github.com/OpenSIPS/opensips.git -b 2.1 opensips_2_1

修改配置开启mysql支持

vim ~/opensips_2_1/Makefile.conf.tmplate ,移除exclude_modules中db_mysql

安装opensips

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cd ~/opensips_2_1
sudo make all
sudo make install

安裝完后,修改部分opensipsctlrc文件,如下:

sudo vim /usr/local/etc/opensips/opensipsctlrc

将DB开头的修改为自己的mysql连接情况(事先创建好opensips用户,或者偷懒用root,但是一定要注意安全),SIP_DOMAIN修改为主机ip

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## your SIP domain
SIP_DOMAIN=yourip
## chrooted directory
# $CHROOT_DIR="/path/to/chrooted/directory"
## database type: MYSQL, PGSQL, ORACLE, DB_BERKELEY, or DBTEXT,
## by default none is loaded
# If you want to setup a database with opensipsdbctl, you must at least specify
# this parameter.
DBENGINE=MYSQL
## database host
DBHOST=localhost
## database name (for ORACLE this is TNS name)
DBNAME=opensips
# database path used by dbtext or db_berkeley
DB_PATH="/usr/local/etc/opensips/dbtext"
## database read/write user
DBRWUSER=opensips
## password for database read/write user
DBRWPW="opensipsrw"
## database super user (for ORACLE this is 'scheme-creator' user)
DBROOTUSER="root"
# user name column
USERCOL="username"

初始化mysql数据库表

sudo /usr/local/sbin/opensipsdbctl create,会提示输入root密码,然后会出现下面的提示

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MySQL password for root:
INFO: test server charset
INFO: creating database opensips ...
INFO: Core OpenSIPS tables succesfully created.
Install presence related tables? (y/n): y
INFO: creating presence tables into opensips ...
INFO: Presence tables succesfully created.
Install tables for imc cpl siptrace domainpolicy carrierroute userblacklist? (y/n): y
INFO: creating extra tables into opensips ...
INFO: Extra tables succesfully created.

如果出现 ERROR: database engine not specified, please setup one in the config script,看看是否有执行权限

自定义监听端口及协议

可以通过修改/usr/local/etc/opensips/opensips.cfg文件,修改listen=,注意这里的ip要用外网ip,udp改为tcp可以使用keepalive,让手机长时间在线。我的配置如下:

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advertised_address=myip
alias=myip
...
listen=tcp:myip:5060 # CUSTOMIZE ME
tcp_connection_lifetime=3600
tcp_connect_timeout=5000
tcp_keepalive=1
tcp_keepcount=30
tcp_keepidle=60
tcp_keepinterval = 60

新增domain到数据库

这个domain就是上面填写的ip地址,创建用户的时候也要用到。

用root连接mysql,选择opensips库,插入一条记录INSERT INTO opensips.domain(domain) VALUES('your ip');(注意修改为自己的ip)

opensips操作

启动 /usr/local/sbin/opensipsctl start

停止 /usr/local/sbin/opensipsctl stop

重启 /usr/local/sbin/opensipsctl restart

创建用户

/usr/local/sbin/opensipsctl add [email protected] password

这里的user就是号码,尽量用数字(键盘上没有字母啊)

客户端

  • PC
    • Zoiper
    • Linphone
  • Ios
    • Zoiper

其他未测试,可以到 http://www.voip-info.org/wiki/view/Open+Source+VOIP+Software 查找

ios端配置(尽量后台运行)

如图所示:

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微信图片_20180129170352.jpg
微信图片_20180129170357.jpg